This was disclosed by Fitch Ratings, one of the Big Three credit rating agencies in the world issuing a media release from Hong Kong.
The recently announced budget targets a fiscal deficit of 4.8% of GDP in 2018, which is only slightly above the 4.7% target agreed with the IMF and continues the consolidation that began in2016. Floods and drought weighed on the economy and public finances during 2017.
This has contributed to the government missing its initial 2017 fiscal deficit target of 4.6% of GDP. Nevertheless, the authorities still expect the 2017 deficit outturn to fall to 5.2% of GDP, from5.4% in 2016. Consolidation in 2017 has been driven by measures to boost tax revenue, including a hike in the value-added tax (VAT) to 15% in November 2016 from 11%., fitch ratings said.
The government expects revenue to rise strongly again in 2018, to 15.7% of GDP, from 14.7% in 2017. Revenue should be supported by an Inland Revenue Act passed in September 2016, provided implementation is effective.
The act, which will come into effect from 1 April 2018, aims to simplify the tax laws and improve the efficiency of the system. Despite these positive reforms, Fitch sees downside risks to the government's revenue projections, given that they are based on a GDP growth assumption of 5%-6% for next year, compared with our own of 4.5%.