This revolutionary operation will be conducted by a team led by Italian neurosurgeon Sergio Canavero.
The first-ever head transplant will be performed on a terminally ill, wheelchair-bound Russian citizen Valery Spiridonov (31). Spiridonov, is a computer scientist, who has Werdnig-Hoffman disease, a rare and incurable spinal muscular atrophy.
36 hour surgery
A team of 115 surgeons will be involved with the surgery which is estimated to take around 36 hours.
The details the doctor has given so far for the two-day operation first involve cooling the patient’s head to -15 C. Then the heads of both the patient and the donor would be severed and the patient’s would be attached to the donor’s body.
The spinal cords would be fused together while the muscle and blood supply would be attached. Spiridonov would then be placed into a coma for about a month to prevent movement and to allow for healing. Medication would also be administers to prevent the host body rejecting the transplanted head.
Opportunity for a new life:
This procedure has been carried out on dogs on prior occasions which have reportedly been successful. However, in the event this operation is successful, those suffering from similar debilitating health conditions could hope to have a better life.
According to the researchers, the donor of the body would be brain-dead having suffered severe irreparable head injuries, but otherwise healthy.
However, some specialists have expressed concerns that since the surgery involves the connecting of two bodies, there could be legal issues.