The "AUKUS" agreement was signed on 15 September 2021 by the collaboration of the United States and the United Kingdom to transfer weapons-grade nuclear materials through nuclear-powered submarines to Australia.
“The Nuclear Proliferation Risk of the Nuclear-powered Submarines Collaboration in the context of AUKUS”
Two leading Chinese nuclear research agencies－the China Arms Control and Disarmament Association (CACDA) and the China Institute of Nuclear Industry Strategy (CINIS)－issued the report.
The US, Britain and Australia should "stop taking double standards" and halt their collaboration on nuclear-powered submarines, said the research report issued on Wednesday in Beijing.
The research report is the first of its kind made by Chinese think tanks focused on the collaboration of the three nations, and it offers abundant evidence and data to prove how the AUKUS countries－Australia, the UK and the US－affect the international nuclear nonproliferation system and stir up the arms race.
The proposed AUKUS collaboration also has other baneful effects, including having higher nuclear security risks and fueling a potential arms race in nuclear submarines, plus weakening the existing international missile export control regime because of the transfer of Tomahawk cruise missiles, according to the report.
The Tomahawk is an intermediate range, subsonic cruise missile developed by the U.S. with a long-range, deep strike capability.
According to experts' analyses, the US and the UK will build eight nuclear-powered submarines for Australia, involving the transfer of tons of weapons-grade nuclear materials enough to manufacture nearly a hundred nuclear weapons, marking the first time since the NPT came into force that nuclear-weapon states will transfer a large amount of weapons-grade nuclear materials to a non-nuclear-weapon state, setting a bad example and creating a serious risk of nuclear proliferation, China Arms Control and Disarmament Association (CACDA) Co-Chairman and General Secretary Li Chijiang said.
"It is our hope that this report will facilitate China and the international community to accurately and comprehensively understand the situation, and communicate from an academic perspective the concerns of Chinese think tanks and scholars over nuclear proliferation risks and their commitment to safeguarding world peace and stability," said Pan Qilong, chairman of the CINIS, at the press conference.
The report also called on the international community to take concerted action to safeguard the global nuclear non-proliferation regime.
- Kelum Shivantha reporting from China....