Zainab Ansari's body was found in a rubbish dump on Tuesday, several days after she went missing. She had been raped and strangled.
Describing his grief, her father told the BBC: "It's like the world has ended... I have no words."
Police in Kasur say there have been 12 similar murders in the past two years.
They say five of them are linked to one suspect who is being hunted by hundreds of officers. DNA samples have also been taken from 90 possible suspects.
A post-mortem report suggested that Zainab had been brutally assaulted. The report found injuries on her body and face, and a bone in her neck fractured.
Zainab's father, Ameen Ansari, told the BBC that he did not agree with the violence of protesters, but understood the anger at police.
"If the police had done their jobs properly then they would have found her as soon as they got hold of the CCTV," he said.
Zainab's father, Ameen Ansari, said: "It's like the world has ended"
Local politicians have met the family and promised the killer would be caught.
On Thursday, protesters threw stones at government buildings and set cars and a local politician's office alight, complaining that police had not done more to stop violence against children.
Riots continued in Kasur on Thursday
A local police spokesman told AFP news agency "up to 1,000" people had taken to the streets.
"They had thrown stones on the buildings of the government hospital, police and deputy commissioner's office... security is being deployed and trying to control the situation," he said.
Two protesters were killed on Wednesday after an angry crowd tried to storm the local police headquarters, and police opened fire.
The Punjab government is offering a 10m rupee ($90,000; £67,000) reward for anyone who helps police find and arrest Zainab's killer, and has offered 3m rupees each to the families of those killed by police on Wednesday, the BBC was told.